The most common cause of acne is oil and dirt clogging pores. There are different treatments available for acne such as anti-bacterial soaps, antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide and topical retinoids.
Acne is a skin condition that causes pimples, blackheads, and clogged pores.
The word acne means “a skin eruption with pus.”
The most common type of acne is acne vulgaris. Acne vulgaris is caused by the hormone called androgen, which stimulates oil production in the sebaceous glands located at the base of hair follicles.
Skin cells also block follicles as they move from the lower layer to the upper layer of skin. As a result, oil can’t escape from this area and bacteria thrive here. This process leads to inflammation, redness, and whitehead lesions on top of skin’s surface.
People with acne suffer from inflammation of the sebaceous glands, which are under the skin. The sebum produced by the glands is responsible for the production of keratin, a type of protein that accumulates in clogs. This combines with bacteria to form acne. Acne can be treated by exfoliating and using treatments that reduce inflammation, such as benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.
There are many reasons why people get acne, including genetics, stress, diet etc. Some people have acne because their hormones are out of balance due to puberty or pregnancy while some have it because they are not getting enough sleep.